AT91SAM9x5 family special page

(for SAM9G15, SAM9G25, SAM9X25, SAM9G35 and SAM9X35)

Introduction

Hi! Welcome to the Linux4SAM page dedicated to the newly introduced AT91SAM9X5 family. This page will cover the following chips:
* at91sam9g15
* at91sam9g25
* at91sam9x25
* at91sam9g35
* at91sam9x35
and the associated Evaluation Kit.

This page provides the latest information on this eMPU series in the same way as elsewhere on the site Linux4SAM. Each component is detailed in its own section just below.
As is always done for the material we publish on Linux4SAM, These special releases will be integrated in each component release cycle and the associated Open Source upstream project.
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block_9X5_combined.png

GettingStarted

Arrow blue right Demo packages available in getting started SAM9x5 page Arrow blue left

Basic components

AT91Bootstrap

Pre-built binaries

Board Description Binary
!NandFlash
at91sam9x5ek AT91Bootstrap binary with 2nd level application in NandFlash boot.bin
SD Card
at91sam9x5ek AT91Bootstrap binary with 2nd level application in Micro SD Card at91sam9x5ek-sdcardboot-3.1.bin
rename it as BOOT.BIN while loading it on SD card.

Boot capabilities matrix

Here is :
Aqua led a summary of the boot feature for each board
Green led the solution chosen for the Linux4SAM pre-built binaries.

Product Boot from
SerialFlash (SPI0 CS0)
Boot from
SerialFlash (SPI0 CS1)
Boot from
NAND Flash
Boot from
SD card
Boot from
TWI(1) EEPROM
at91sam9x5ek Aqua led Aqua led Green led Green led Aqua led

Using AT91Bootstrap binaries

Boot from NAND flash with AT91Bootstrap

You will have to use SAM-BA to flash AT91Bootstrap. Here we are assuming you want to boot from NAND FLASH:

sam-ba_5series_bootstrap.jpg

1. Choose the NandFlash media tab in the SAM-BA GUI.

2. Initialize the media choosing the Enable NandFlash action in the Scripts rolling menu and press Execute.

3. Select Send Boot File in the Scripts rolling menu and press Execute. Then select the bootstrap file and press Open; the media is written down.

4. Close SAM-BA, remove the USB cable.

Boot from SD card with AT91Bootstrap

You can boot from SD card. To do this, you will need a SD Card with a FAT16/32 partition as first partition. Then you will have to copy the AT91Bootstrap binary file and the U-Boot binary file. These files must be respectively named BOOT.BIN and u-boot.bin.

Build AT91Bootstrap from sources

AT91Booststrap has been created by Atmel to ease the loading of binaries from several boot media. The revision created for AT91SAM9x5 family is available on www.linux4sam.org FTP site: AT91Bootstrap-5series_1.2.tgz.

Getting AT91Bootstrap sources

You have to get AT91Bootstrap source code:

wget ftp://ftp.linux4sam.org/pub/at91bootstrap/AT91Bootstrap3.1/AT91Bootstrap-5series_1.2.tgz
tar xvzf AT91Bootstrap-5series_1.2.tgz
cd AT91Bootstrap-5series_1.2

Configuring AT91Bootstrap and choosing the boot media

Before building AT91Bootstrap, you have to configure it for 5series boards and to indicate where you want your third stage bootloader to be located: in this example it will be U-Boot. If you want to run it from NAND FLASH use:

make at91sam9x5nf_defconfig

And if you want to run it from the SD card use:

make at91sam9x5sduboot_defconfig

Pointing hand Note that you may need to specify the CROSS_COMPILE variable. This is done like explained hereafter.

Then you can customize the AT91Bootstrap configuration with:

make menuconfig

Compiling AT91Bootstrap

Now you have to launch the AT91Bootstrap cross-compilation:

make CROSS_COMPILE=<path_to_cross-compiler/cross-compiler-prefix->

path_to_cross-compiler is only needed if it is not in your PATH. Usually cross-compiler-prefix- looks like arm-linux- , arm-elf- or arm-none-linux-gnueabi- .

The result of this operation is a fresh AT91Bootstrap binary located in the binaries directory and called at91sam9x5ek-xxxboot-3.1.bin corresponding to the binary ELF file called at91sam9x5ek-xxxboot-3.1.elf.

  • at91sam9x5ek-nandflashboot-3.1.bin is the binary file able to boot the application located in NAND FLASH.
  • at91sam9x5ek-sdcardboot-3.1.bin is the binary file able to boot the application called u-boot.bin located in the FAT formated SD card.

Pointing hand Check additional information in the dedicated AT91Bootstrap page on Android4sam.

U-Boot

U-Boot binaries

Here are the U-Boot binaries, for this example the U-Boot environment is located into the NAND flash.

Board Description Binary
!NandFlash
at91sam9x5ek u-boot binary with environment in *NandFlash*
based on U-Boot revision 2010.06
u-boot.bin

U-Boot 2010.06 experimental patch

Description Source Patch
Add at91sam9x5 support to AT91 u-boot u-boot 2010.06 archive
u-boot 2010.06 tag on git tree
u-boot-5series_1.0.patch

Flashing U-Boot

You will have to use SAM-BA to flash U-Boot. Here we are assuming you want to put U-Boot and its environment into the NAND FLASH:

SAM-BA_5series_u-boot.jpg

1. Choose the NandFlash media tab in the SAM-BA GUI.

2. Initialize the media choosing the Enable NandFlash action in the Scripts rolling menu and press Execute.

3. Select Enable OS PMECC parameters in the Scripts rolling menu and press Execute. The default ECC configuration should be ok so you should have this pop-up appearing:

SAM-BA_5series_u-boot_ecc.jpg
so press the OK button.

4. To erase only the U-Boot part into the NAND FLASH, type this command after the SAM-BA prompt(2):

NANDFLASH::EraseBlocks 0x40000 0xBFFFF

The SAM-BA EraseBlocks command takes two parameter: a start and an end address of FLASH that you want to erase.

5. Press Send File Name Browse button and choose your U-Boot binary file.

6. Enter the proper address on media in the Address text field. You can find the product map in GettingStarted_9x5. So in our case, the value for U-Boot is 0x40000.

7. Press Send File button.

8. Close SAM-BA, remove the USB cable.

Pointing hand Check additional information in the dedicated U-Boot page.

Building U-Boot

Getting U-Boot sources

You have to get U-Boot source code:

wget ftp://ftp.denx.de/pub/u-boot/u-boot-2010.06.tar.bz2
tar xvjf u-boot-2010.06.tar.bz2
cd u-boot-2010.06

Or:

git clone http://git.denx.de/u-boot.git
cd u-boot
git checkout v2010.06

Then apply the at91 5series patch:

wget ftp://ftp.linux4sam.org/pub/uboot/u-boot-v2010.06/u-boot-5series_x.y.patch
patch -p1 < u-boot-5series_x.y.patch

Configuring U-Boot and choosing where the U-Boot environment resides

Before building U-Boot, you have to configure it for 5series boards and to indicate where you want to store the environment. If you want to store it in NAND FLASH use:

make at91sam9x5ek_nandflash_config

And if you want to store it into the DataFlash use:

make at91sam9x5ek_dataflash_config

Compiling U-Boot

Now you have to launch the U-Boot cross-compilation:

make CROSS_COMPILE=<path_to_cross-compiler/cross-compiler-prefix->

path_to_cross-compiler is only needed if it is not in your PATH. Usually cross-compiler-prefix- looks like arm-linux- , arm-elf- or arm-none-linux-gnueabi- .

The result of this operation is a fresh u-boot binary called u-boot.bin corresponding to the binary ELF file called u-boot.

  • u-boot.bin is the file you should store on the board
  • u-boot is the ELF format binary file you may use to debug u-boot through a JTAG link for instance.

Linux Kernel

Pre-built image

The kernel image is the same for the whole 5series. It will determine at runtime the particular SoC that it is running on.

2.6.39 (2.6.39-at91-exp.tar.gz)
Board Description Binary
at91sam9x5ek linux-2.6.39 uImage
configured by at91sam9x5ek_defconfig \
uImage-2.6.39-r1-at91sam9x5ek.bin

Flashing the Linux kernel image

Using SAM-BA

The procedure to flash the kernel image is the same as U-Boot, only two steps change:

1. Choose the NandFlash media tab in the SAM-BA GUI.

2. Initialize the media choosing the Enable NandFlash action in the Scripts rolling menu and press Execute.

3. Select Enable OS PMECC parameters in the Scripts rolling menu and press Execute. The default ECC configuration should be ok in the pop-up dialog box so just press the OK button.

4. To erase only the U-Boot part into the NAND FLASH, type this command after the SAM-BA prompt:

NANDFLASH::EraseBlocks 0x200000 0x7FFFFF

The SAM-BA EraseBlocks command takes two parameter: a start and an end address of FLASH that you want to erase.

5. Press Send File Name Browse button and choose your kernel image.

6. Enter the proper address on media in the Address text field. You can find the product map in GettingStarted_9x5. So in our case, the value for the kernel image is 0x200000.

7. Press Send File button.

8. Close SAM-BA, remove the USB cable.

Using U-Boot

You can also flash the kernel image with U-Boot. You must have configured your network access in U-Boot as the binary image will be transferred to the target using TFTP protocol.
Type the following commands:

tftp 0x22000000 uImage-2.6.39-r1-at91sam9x5ek.bin
nand erase 0x200000 0x600000
nand write 0x22000000 0x200000 0x250000
boot

Note that last parameter is the actual size of the binary written. You may adapt it to the size of your kernel image.

Linux4SAM AT91SAM9x5 Experimental Patches

2.6.39-at91-exp.tar.gz

  • Support for AT91SAM9x5 family ( SAM9G15, SAM9G25, SAM9X25, SAM9G35 and SAM9X35)
  • DMA use on SD/MMC, SSC (I2S) audio, SPI and NAND flash peripherals
  • NAND hardware ECC support using PMECC controller
  • LCD with overlays and 2D acceleration
  • ISI support using Video4Linux2 SoC interface
  • Qtouch touch button
  • CAN bus support for SAM9X25 and SAM9X35
  • usual USB High-Speed and Ethernet (dual Ethernet on SAM9X25)

AT91SAM9x5 Linux kernel sources summary table

Linux Kernel revision Vanilla Linux Kernel AT91 Maintainer patchset Experimental patches
Pointing hand Linux 2.6.39 \ linux-2.6.39.tar.bz2 \ none needed \ 2.6.39-at91-exp.tar.gz

Pointing hand Check additional information in the dedicated Linux Kernel page.

Building the Linux kernel

Getting source code

The at91 5series patch is based on the 2.6.39 Linux kernel version, so the first step is to get it:

wget http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v2.6/linux-2.6.39.tar.bz2
tar xvjf linux-2.6.39.tar.bz2
cd linux-2.6.39

Now you have to apply the Atmel patch series:
Download experimental patch archive:

wget ftp://ftp.linux4sam.org/pub/linux/2.6.xx.at91/2.6.xx-at91-exp.y.tar.gz

Decompress archive with:

tar xvzf 2.6.xx-at91-exp.y.tar.gz

And then apply patchset one patch after the other in proper order:

for p in 2.6.xx-at91-exp.y/*; do patch -p1 < $p ; done

For this 2.6.39/5series example you will have to execute:

wget ftp://ftp.linux4sam.org/pub/linux/2.6.39-at91/2.6.39-at91-exp.tar.gz
tar xvzf 2.6.39-at91-exp.tar.gz
for p in 2.6.39-at91-exp/* ; do patch -p1 < $p ; done

Configuring and building the kernel

Firstly, use the 5series default kernel configuration:

make ARCH=arm at91sam9x5ek_defconfig

Then you can customize the kernel configuration with:

make ARCH=arm menuconfig

Build the Linux kernel image:

make ARCH=arm  CROSS_COMPILE=<path_to_cross-compiler/cross-compiler-prefix->

path_to_cross-compiler is only needed if it is not in your PATH. Usually cross-compiler-prefix- looks like arm-linux- , arm-elf- or arm-none-linux-gnueabi- .

To produce a kernel image suitable for U-Boot:

mkimage -A arm -O linux -C none -T kernel -a 20008000 -e 20008000 -n linux-2.6 -d arch/arm/boot/zImage uImage-2.6.39-at91sam9x5ek.bin

Open source embedded distribution solutions

OpenEmbedded / Ångström

Angstom 2011.03 binaries

Board Description Binary
at91sam9x5ek Angstrom x11 (graphical) image tailored for AT91 UBI root filesystem Angstrom-x11-at91sam9-image-eglibc-ipk-v20110624-at91sam9x5ek.rootfs.ubi
at91sam9x5ek Angstrom console image tailored for AT91 UBI root filesystem
Network centric distribution
Angstrom-net-at91sam9-image-eglibc-ipk-v20110624-at91sam9x5ek.rootfs.ubi

Flashing the root file system

Connect to the Flashing the root file system page to know how to deploy this UBI/UBIFS image on NAND flash.

How to build Angstrom for AT91SAM9x5

Dedicated page that explains how to build Angstorm for AT91SAM9x5. It explains the procedure to obtain an Angstrom UBI/UBIFS image. Ångström is a Linux distribution based on the OpenEmbedded build system.

Buildroot

Buildroot 2011.05 binaries

The Root filesystem image is a generic one for all AT91SAM9x5 boards. It's provided as a UBI image for NAND FLASH memory with page size of 2KBytes.

Board Description Binary
at91sam9x5ek BuildRoot image tailored for AT91 UBI root filesystem buildroot_2011.05-at91_5series_1.0.ubi

Flashing the root file system

Connect to the Flashing the root file system page to know how to deploy this UBI/UBIFS image on NAND flash.

How to build BuildRoot for AT91SAM9x5

Dedicated page that explains how to build BuildRoot for AT91SAM9x5. It explains the procedure to build a BuildRoot UBI/UBIFS image.

FAQ

FAQ_9x5

Notes

1 : TWI: Two Wires Interface is an I2C compatible bus

2 : (SAM-BA v2.xx) n % prompt located at the bottom of the SAM-BA window.


Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
JPEGjpg SAM-BA_5series_u-boot.jpg manage 118.7 K 2011-07-11 - 08:52 NicolasFerre  
JPEGjpg SAM-BA_5series_u-boot_ecc.jpg manage 21.8 K 2011-07-11 - 08:52 NicolasFerre  
PNGpng block_9X5_combined.png manage 148.0 K 2011-07-11 - 08:53 NicolasFerre  
JPEGjpg sam-ba_5series_bootstrap.jpg manage 100.1 K 2011-07-11 - 08:53 NicolasFerre  
r10 - 15 Jun 2017 - 14:14:10 - NicolasFerre
 
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