Linux Kernel - 3.10

Linux 3.10 for AT91 source code

The Linux kernel for Atmel ARM-based SoC (aka AT91) is distributed as a GIT tree hosted on GitHub as a fork of the official Linus Torvalds' git tree. The objective of the Atmel Linux team is to integrate all the AT91-related material in the official Linux Kernel.
Before completing this inclusion process, which can take time, this website provides the Linux4SAM Linux Kernel git tree for AT91 devices at:

https://github.com/linux4sam/linux-at91/tree/linux-3.10-at91

Changes

  • Add devicetree support
  • HDMI driver for SiI902x component on SAMA5D4-EK and SAMA5D4 Xplained boards
  • VDEC is supported on SAMA5D4-EK board
  • For drivers which not fully support devicetree, atmel ISI, hlcdc and etc, using arch/arm/mach-at91/board-dt-[sama5.c,sam9.c] add the devices
  • Serial RX & TX DMA support
  • Serial fixes and enhancements

Tags

linux4sam_4.6 tag

  • SAMA5D4 Xplained board support
  • HDMI driver for SiI902x component on SAMA5D4-EK and SAMA5D4 Xplained boards
  • Power management enhancements
  • Power management states on pin configuration (pinctrl OUTPUT configuration)
  • Power management pin states for: SPI, i2c, MMC, serial, LCD, SSC, IIO (ADC), ETH, NAND, CAN
  • Serial RX & TX DMA support
  • Serial fixes and enhancements
  • And of course everything listed below

linux4sam_4.5 tag

  • ARM Cortex-A5 support (include SAMA5D4 chip family support)
  • VFP + NEON support
  • L2 Cache for SAMA5D4 family
  • Linux drivers for Hardware Video Decoder
  • Ethernet driver enhancements for both 10/100 and Gigabit Ethernet
  • Power management enhancement
  • PWM interface

Getting Kernel sources

To get the source code, you have to clone the repository:

$ git clone git://github.com/linux4sam/linux-at91.git
Cloning into 'linux-at91'...
remote: Counting objects: 5239592, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (764014/764014), done.
Receiving objects: 100% (5239592/5239592), 1018.56 MiB | 11.18 MiB/s, done.
remote: Total 5239592 (delta 4448248), reused 5218219 (delta 4427054)
Resolving deltas: 100% (4448248/4448248), done.
Checking out files: 100% (38567/38567), done.

The source code has been taken from the master branch which is pointing on the latest branch we use.

Pointing hand Note that you can also add this Linux4SAM repository as a remote GIT repository to your usual Linux git tree. It will save you a lot of bandwidth and download time:

$ git remote add linux4sam git://github.com/linux4sam/linux-at91.git
$ git remote update linux4sam
Fetching linux4sam
From git://github.com/linux4sam/linux-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-2.6.39-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-2.6.39-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-3.10-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-3.10-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-3.15-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-3.15-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-3.18-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-3.18-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-3.4.9-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-3.4.9-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-3.6.9-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-3.6.9-at91
 * [new branch]                master     -> linux4sam/master

If you want to use an other branch, you can list them and use one of them by doing this:

$ git branch -r
  origin/HEAD -> origin/master
  origin/linux-2.6.39-at91
  origin/linux-3.10-at91
  origin/linux-3.15-at91
  origin/linux-3.18-at91
  origin/linux-3.4.9-at91
  origin/linux-3.6.9-at91
  origin/master
$ git checkout origin/linux-3.10-at91 -b linux-3.10-at91
Branch linux-3.10-at91 set up to track remote branch linux-3.10-at91 from origin.
Switched to a new branch 'linux-3.10-at91'

Setup ARM Cross Compiler

  • Ubuntu:
    In Ubuntu, you can install the ARM Cross Compiler by doing:
    sudo apt-get install gcc-arm-linux-gnueabi
    export CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabi-
       

  • Others:
    For others, you can download the Linaro cross compiler and setup the environment by doing:
    wget -c https://releases.linaro.org/components/toolchain/binaries/4.9-2017.01/arm-linux-gnueabi/gcc-linaro-4.9.4-2017.01-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabi.tar.xz
    tar xf gcc-linaro-4.9.4-2017.01-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabi.tar.xz
    export CROSS_COMPILE=`pwd`/gcc-linaro-4.9.4-2017.01-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabi/bin/arm-linux-gnueabi-
       

Configuration files for boards

3.10 (83a9eb4b2f16d9b388daa473a954fb2a563a7ccb)
Board Description Binary Device Tree Binary (DTB) Configuration file
sama5d3 Xplained linux-3.10-at91 zImage zImage-sama5d3_xplained.bin at91-sama5d3_xplained.dtb
at91-sama5d3_xplained_pda4.dtb
at91-sama5d3_xplained_pda7.dtb
sama5d3_xplained_defconfig
3.10 (linux4sam_4.6 tag)
sama5d4ek_xplained linux-3.10-at91 zImage zImage-sama5d4_xplained.bin at91-sama5d4_xplained.dtb sama5d4_defconfig
3.10 (linux4sam_4.5 tag)
sama5d4ek linux-3.10-at91 zImage zImage-sama5d4.bin sama5d4ek.dtb sama5d4_defconfig

Configure and Build the Linux kernel

Now you have to configure the Linux kernel according to your hardware. We have two default configuration at91 SoC in arch/arm/configs

arch/arm/configs/at91_dt_defconfig
arch/arm/configs/sama5_defconfig

  • at91_dt_defconfig: for at91sam ARM926 series chips
  • sama5d4_defconfig: for SAMA5 series chips
  • sama5d3_xplained_defconfig: for SAMA5D3-Xplained board

Now we Configure and Build kernel for board:

$ make ARCH=arm sama5d4_defconfig   # this is for SAMA5 series chips
  HOSTCC  scripts/basic/fixdep
  HOSTCC  scripts/kconfig/conf.o
  SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.c
  SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.lex.c
  SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.hash.c
  HOSTCC  scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.o
  HOSTLD  scripts/kconfig/conf
#
# configuration written to .config
#

At this step, you can modify default configuration using the menuconfig

$ make ARCH=arm menuconfig

And build the Linux kernel image, before you build you need set up the cross compile toolchain, check this section.

$ make ARCH=arm

[..]

  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/Image is ready
  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/zImage is ready

make ARCH=arm uImage

[..]
  OBJCOPY arch/arm/boot/Image
  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/Image is ready
  GZIP    arch/arm/boot/compressed/piggy.gzip
  AS      arch/arm/boot/compressed/piggy.gzip.o
  LD      arch/arm/boot/compressed/vmlinux
  OBJCOPY arch/arm/boot/zImage
  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/zImage is ready
  UIMAGE  arch/arm/boot/uImage
Image Name:   Linux-3.10.0+
Created:      Wed May  6 16:25:11 2015
Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
Data Size:    2927040 Bytes = 2858.44 kB = 2.79 MB
Load Address: 20008000
Entry Point:  20008000
  Image arch/arm/boot/uImage is ready

make ARCH=arm dtbs

[..]
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91rm9200ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91sam9263ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91sam9g20ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91sam9g20ek_2mmc.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91sam9m10g45ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91sam9n12ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91sam9g15ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91sam9g25ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91sam9g35ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91sam9x25ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91sam9x35ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d3_xplained.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d3_xplained_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d3_xplained_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d31ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d31ek_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d31ek_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d31ek_revc.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d31ek_revc_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d31ek_revc_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d33ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d33ek_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d33ek_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d33ek_revc.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d33ek_revc_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d33ek_revc_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d34ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d34ek_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d34ek_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d34ek_revc.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d34ek_revc_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d34ek_revc_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d35ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d35ek_revc.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d36ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d36ek_hdmi.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d36ek_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d36ek_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d36ek_revc.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d36ek_revc_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d36ek_revc_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d4_xplained.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d4_xplained_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d4_xplained_hdmi.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d4ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d4ek_hdmi.dtb

If the building process is successful, the final images can be found under arch/arm/boot/ directory.

Recent FAQ

linux-3.10-at91

Iio Adc Driver: Adc IIO driver introduction. (Sama5d4Xplained, Sama5d4ek, Sama5d3Xplained, Sama5d3xek, AT91sam9x5-ek, other AT91SAM9 boards)
Pwm Faq: PWM Driver. (Sama5d27Som1EK, Sama5d2Xplained, Sama5d4Xplained, Sama5d3Xplained, Sama5d3xek)
r3 - 06 Sep 2017 - 09:41:28 - LudovicDesroches
 
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