SAMA5D3XEK

SoC Features

Operating at 850DMIPS at under 150mW, the SAMA5D3 MPU is ideal for any high-performance, low-power and cost-sensitive industrial application. Think of it for control panels, smart grid devices and bar code scanners—anything that needs high levels of connectivity, enhanced user interfaces, robust security or is battery powered. The SAMA5D3 is also an ideal fit for wearable computing and mobile applications where low power and a small footprint are critical. The SAMA5D3 series includes devices supporting a -40/+105°C temperature range as well as 12x12mm BGA324 package (in 0.5mm pitch).

SAMA5D3 Chip Features


Kit Information

Kit Overview

SAMA5D3x-EK

Access the console

The usual serial communication parameters are 115200 8-N-1 :

Baud rate 115200
Data 8 bits
Parity None
Stop 1 bit
Flow control None

Access the console on DBGU serial port

You can access the serial console through the on-board serial-USB converter. In fact, the Cortex-M3 chip underneath the Evaluation Kit acts as a serial-to-USB converter and is loaded with a firmware that is able to speak USB-CDC.

  • For Microsoft Windows users: Install the J-Link CDC USB driver. No need to install a driver on any regular Linux distribution.
  • Connect the USB cable to the board (J14 – JTAG and USB Serial DBGU)
    • For Microsoft Windows users: identify the USB connection that is established
      JLink CDC UART Port should appear in Device Manager. The COMxx number will be used to configure the terminal emulator.

SAMA5D3x-EK JLINK CDC UART

    • For Linux users: identify the USB connection by monitoring the last lines of dmesg command. The /dev/ttyACMx number will be used to configure the terminal emulator.

  • Now open your favorite terminal emulator with appropriate settings

Demo

Demo archives

Board Description Binary Sources location
SAMA5D3x-EK Linux4SAM Yocto / Poky based demo
compiled from tag linux4sam_4.7
linux4sam-poky-sama5d3xek-4.7.zip (~ 155 MB)
md5: eb026c2cfc77b360190325f6ec0d614b
AT91Bootstrap
U-Boot
Linux Kernel
Yocto

Flash the demo

Connect the USB to the board before launch SAM-BA

  • Connect a USB cable to the board (J20)
  • JP9 must open so that (BMS == 1) to boot from on-chip Boot ROM
  • <span style=

Play with the demo

Now you should have the Linux demo up'n running on your board !
You can access the Linux console through the serial line as explained just above
Use the root login account without password.

You can have a look at the boot log as a file for the record or have an overview in the image below:

View of system running

There are things that you must know about the Home Automation Demo, please visit the Home Automation Tips and Tricks page.

Application launcher (screen 1) Application launcher (screen 2)

Build From source code

Setup ARM Cross Compiler

  • Ubuntu:
    In Ubuntu, you can install the ARM Cross Compiler by doing:
    sudo apt-get install gcc-arm-linux-gnueabi
    export CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabi-
       

  • Others:
    For others, you can download the Linaro cross compiler and setup the environment by doing:
    wget -c https://releases.linaro.org/components/toolchain/binaries/4.9-2017.01/arm-linux-gnueabi/gcc-linaro-4.9.4-2017.01-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabi.tar.xz
    tar xf gcc-linaro-4.9.4-2017.01-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabi.tar.xz
    export CROSS_COMPILE=`pwd`/gcc-linaro-4.9.4-2017.01-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabi/bin/arm-linux-gnueabi-
       

Build AT91Bootstrap from sources

This section describes how to get source code from the git repository, how to configure with the default configuration, how to customize AT91Bootstrap based on the default configuration and finally to build AT91Bootstrap to produce the binary. take the default configuration to download U-Boot from NandFlash for example.

Get AT91Bootstrap Source Code

You can easily download AT91Bootstrap source code on the at91bootstrap git repository.

To get the source code, you should clone the repository by doing:

$ git clone git://github.com/linux4sam/at91bootstrap.git
Cloning into 'at91bootstrap'...
remote: Reusing existing pack: 2476, done.
remote: Counting objects: 167, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (167/167), done.
remote: Total 2643 (delta 135), reused 0 (delta 0)
Receiving objects: 100% (2643/2643), 2.06 MiB | 270 KiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (1809/1809), done.
$ cd at91bootstrap/

Configure AT91Bootstrap

Assuming you are at the AT91Bootstrap root directory, you will find a board/sama5d3xek folder which contains several default configuration files:

sama5d3xekdf_linux_image_dt_defconfig
sama5d3xekdf_uboot_defconfig
sama5d3xeknf_android_image_dt_defconfig
sama5d3xeknf_linux_image_dt_defconfig
sama5d3xeknf_uboot_defconfig
sama5d3xeksd_android_image_dt_defconfig
sama5d3xeksd_linux_image_dt_defconfig
sama5d3xeksd_uboot_defconfig

TIP Tips: nf means to read nandflash, df means to read serial flash, sd means to read mmc card.
TIP Tips: linux means to load linux kernel to RAM, android means to load android kernel to RAM, uboot means to load u-boot to RAM, dt means to load dtb to RAM.

You can configure AT91Bootstrap to load U-Boot binary from NAND flash by doing:

$ make mrproper
$ make sama5d3xeknf_uboot_defconfig
If the configuring process is successful, the .config file can be found at AT91Bootstrap root directory.

Customize AT91Bootstrap

If the default configuration doesn't meet your need, after configuring with the default configuration, you can customize it by doing:
$ make menuconfig
Now, in the menuconfig dialog, you can easily add or remove some features to/from AT91Bootstrap as the same way as kernel configuration.

Build AT91Bootstrap

Then you can build the AT91Bootstrap binary by doing:
$ make

If the building process is successful, the final .bin image is binaries/at91bootstrap.bin.

Build U-Boot from sources

Getting U-Boot sources

Dedicated page on U-Boot wiki: http://www.denx.de/wiki/U-Boot/SourceCode

You can easily download U-Boot source code from Linux4SAM GitHub U-Boot repository:

  • clone the Linux4sam GitHub U-Boot repository
       $ git clone git://github.com/linux4sam/u-boot-at91.git
       Cloning into 'u-boot-at91'...
       remote: Counting objects: 219350, done.
       remote: Compressing objects: 100% (40142/40142), done.
       remote: Total 219350 (delta 175755), reused 219350 (delta 175755)
       Receiving objects: 100% (219350/219350), 56.01 MiB | 1.24 MiB/s, done.
       Resolving deltas: 100% (175755/175755), done.
       $ cd u-boot-at91
       

  • The source code has been taken from the master branch which is pointing to the latest branch we use. If you want to use the other branch, you can list them and use one of them by doing:
       $ git branch -r
       origin/HEAD -> origin/master
       origin/master
       origin/u-boot-2012.10-at91
       origin/u-boot-2013.07-at91
       origin/u-boot-2014.07-at91
       origin/u-boot-2015.01-at91
       origin/u-boot-2016.03-at91
       origin/u-boot-2017.03-at91
       origin/uboot_5series_1.x
       $ git checkout origin/u-boot-2017.03-at91 -b u-boot-2017.03-at91
       Branch u-boot-2017.03-at91 set up to track remote branch u-boot-2017.03-at91 from origin.
       Switched to a new branch 'u-boot-2017.03-at91'
       

Cross-compiling U-Boot

Before compile the U-Boot, you need setup cross compile toolchain in the section.

Once the AT91 U-Boot sources available, cross-compile U-Boot is made in two steps : configuration and compiling. Check the Configuration chapter in U-Boot reference manual.

Pointing hand Go to the configs/ to find the exact target when invoking make.

The U-Boot environment variables can be store in different media, above config files can specified where to store the U-Boot environment.

   # To put environment variables in serial flash:
   sama5d3xek_spiflash_defconfig
   # To put environment variables in nandflash (default):
   sama5d3xek_nandflash_defconfig
   # To put environment variables in SD/MMC card:
   sama5d3xek_mmc_defconfig

Here are the building steps for the SAMA5D3x-EK board:

# You can change the config according to your needs.
make sama5d3xek_nandflash_defconfig
make

The result of these operations is a fresh U-Boot binary called u-boot.bin corresponding to the binary ELF file u-boot.

  • u-boot.bin is the file you should store on the board
  • u-boot is the ELF format binary file you may use to debug U-Boot through a JTag link for instance.

Build Kernel from sources

Getting Kernel sources

To get the source code, you have to clone the repository:

$ git clone git://github.com/linux4sam/linux-at91.git
Cloning into 'linux-at91'...
remote: Counting objects: 4524288, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (721/721), done.
remote: Total 4524288 (delta 385), reused 1 (delta 1), pack-reused 4523564
Receiving objects: 100% (4524288/4524288), 1.22 GiB | 1.35 MiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (3777338/3777338), done.
Checking connectivity... done.
Checking out files: 100% (49565/49565), done.

The source code has been taken from the master branch which is pointing on the latest branch we use.

Pointing hand Note that you can also add this Linux4SAM repository as a remote GIT repository to your usu

$ git remote add linux4sam git://github.com/linux4sam/linux-at91.git
$ git remote update linux4sam
Fetching linux4sam
From git://github.com/linux4sam/linux-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-2.6.39-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-2.6.39-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-3.10-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-3.10-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-3.15-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-3.15-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-3.18-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-3.18-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-3.4.9-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-3.4.9-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-3.6.9-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-3.6.9-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-4.1-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-4.1-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-4.4-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-4.4-at91
 * [new branch]                linux-4.9-at91 -> linux4sam/linux-4.9-at91
 * [new branch]                master     -> linux4sam/master

If you want to use an other branch, you can list them and use one of them by doing this:

$ git branch -r
  origin/HEAD -> origin/master
  origin/linux-2.6.39-at91
  origin/linux-3.10-at91
  origin/linux-3.15-at91
  origin/linux-3.18-at91
  origin/linux-3.4.9-at91
  origin/linux-3.6.9-at91
  origin/linux-4.1-at91
  origin/linux-4.4-at91
  origin/linux-4.9-at91
  origin/master
$ git checkout origin/linux-4.9-at91 -b linux-4.9-at91
Branch linux-4.9-at91 set up to track remote branch linux-4.9-at91 from origin.
Switched to a new branch 'linux-4.9-at91'

Configure and Build the Linux kernel

Now you have to configure the Linux kernel according to your hardware. We have two default configuration at91 SoC in arch/arm/configs
arch/arm/configs/at91_dt_defconfig
arch/arm/configs/sama5_defconfig

  • at91_dt_defconfig: for at91sam ARM926 series chips
  • sama5_defconfig: for SAMA5 series chips

Now we Configure and Build kernel for sama5d3xek board:

$ make ARCH=arm sama5_defconfig
  HOSTCC  scripts/basic/fixdep
  HOSTCC  scripts/kconfig/conf.o
  SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.c
  SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.lex.c
  SHIPPED scripts/kconfig/zconf.hash.c
  HOSTCC  scripts/kconfig/zconf.tab.o
  HOSTLD  scripts/kconfig/conf
#
# configuration written to .config
#

At this step, you can modify default configuration using the menuconfig

$ make ARCH=arm menuconfig

And build the Linux kernel image, before you build you need set up the cross compile toolchain, check this section.

$ make ARCH=arm

[..]

  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/Image is ready
  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/zImage is ready

Now you have an usable compressed kernel image zImage.

If you need an uImage you can run this additional step:

make ARCH=arm uImage LOADADDR=0x20008000

[..]

  Kernel: arch/arm/boot/zImage is ready
  UIMAGE  arch/arm/boot/uImage
Image Name:   Linux-4.1.0-linux4sam_5.3+
Created:      Fri Sep  9 17:02:45 2016
Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
Data Size:    3441072 Bytes = 3360.42 kB = 3.28 MB
Load Address: 20008000
Entry Point:  20008000
  Image arch/arm/boot/uImage is ready

make ARCH=arm dtbs

[..]
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-kizbox2.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d2_ptc.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d27_som1_ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d27_som1_ek_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d27_som1_ek_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d27_som1_ek_pda7b.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d2_xplained.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d2_xplained_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d2_xplained_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d2_xplained_pda7b.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d3_xplained.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d3_xplained_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d3_xplained_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d3_xplained_pda7b.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d31ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d33ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d34ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d35ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d36ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/sama5d36ek_cmp.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d4_ma5d4evk.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d4_xplained.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d4_xplained_pda4.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d4_xplained_hdmi.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d4_xplained_pda7.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d4ek.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d4_xplained_pda7b.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-sama5d4ek_isi.dtb
  DTC     arch/arm/boot/dts/at91-vinco.dtb
[..]

If the building process is successful, the final images can be found under arch/arm/boot/ directory.

Build Yocto/Poky rootfs from sources

Note that building an entire distribution is a long process. It also requires a big amount of free disk space.

The support for Atmel AT91 SoC family is included in a particular Yocto layer: meta-atmel. The source for this layer are hosted on Linux4SAM GitHub account: https://github.com/linux4sam/meta-atmel

Building environment

A step-by-step comprehensive installation is explained in the Yocto Project Quick Start. The following lines have to be considered as an add-on that is AT91 specific or that can facilitate your setup.

Prerequisite

Here are the reference pages for setting up a Yocto building environment: What You Need and How You Get It.

Step by step build procedure

Note here is a copy of the README procedure available directly in the meta-atmel layer. This file in the meta-atmel layer repository must be considered as the reference and the following copy can be out-of-sync.

This layer provides support for Microchip microprocessors (aka AT91)
====================================================================

For more information about the Microchip MPU product line see:
http://www.microchip.com/design-centers/32-bit-mpus
Linux & Open Source on Microchip microprocessors:
http://www.linux4sam.org


Supported SoCs / MACHINE names
==============================
- SAMA5D2 product family / sama5d2-xplained, sama5d27-som1-ek-sd
- SAMA5D4 product family / sama5d4ek, sama5d4-xplained
- SAMA5D3 product family / sama5d3xek, sama5d3-xplained
- AT91SAM9x5 product family (AT91SAM9G15, AT91SAM9G25, AT91SAM9X25, AT91SAM9G35 and AT91SAM9X35) / at91sam9x5ek
- AT91SAM9RL / at91sam9rlek
- AT91SAM9G45 / at91sam9m10g45ek


Sources
=======
- meta-atmel
URI: git://github.com/linux4sam/meta-atmel.git
URI: https://github.com/linux4sam/meta-atmel.git
Branch: morty


Dependencies
============
This Layer depends on :
- meta-openembedded
URI: git://git.openembedded.org/meta-openembedded
URI: http://cgit.openembedded.org/meta-openembedded/
Branch: morty

Optionally:
- meta-qt5
URI: git://code.qt.io/yocto/meta-qt5.git
URI: http://code.qt.io/cgit/yocto/meta-qt5.git/
Tag: v5.9.1


Build procedure
===============

0/ Create a directory
mkdir my_dir
cd my_dir

1/ Clone yocto/poky git repository with the proper branch ready
git clone git://git.yoctoproject.org/poky -b morty

2/ Clone meta-openembedded git repository with the proper branch ready
git clone git://git.openembedded.org/meta-openembedded -b morty

3/ Clone meta-qt5 git repository with the proper branch ready
git clone git://code.qt.io/yocto/meta-qt5.git
cd meta-qt5
git checkout v5.9.1
cd ..

4/ Clone meta-atmel layer with the proper branch ready
git clone git://github.com/linux4sam/meta-atmel.git -b morty

5/ Enter the poky directory to configure the build system and start the build process
cd poky

6/ Initialize build directory
source oe-init-build-env build-atmel

7/ Add meta-atmel layer to bblayer configuration file
vim conf/bblayers.conf

# POKY_BBLAYERS_CONF_VERSION is increased each time build/conf/bblayers.conf
# changes incompatibly
POKY_BBLAYERS_CONF_VERSION = "2"

BBPATH = "${TOPDIR}"
BBFILES ?= ""

BSPDIR := "${@os.path.abspath(os.path.dirname(d.getVar('FILE', True)) + '/../../..')}"

BBLAYERS ?= " \
  ${BSPDIR}/poky/meta \
  ${BSPDIR}/poky/meta-poky \
  ${BSPDIR}/poky/meta-yocto-bsp \
  ${BSPDIR}/meta-atmel \
  ${BSPDIR}/meta-openembedded/meta-oe \
  ${BSPDIR}/meta-openembedded/meta-networking \
  ${BSPDIR}/meta-openembedded/meta-python \
  ${BSPDIR}/meta-openembedded/meta-ruby \
  ${BSPDIR}/meta-openembedded/meta-multimedia \
  ${BSPDIR}/meta-qt5 \
  "

BBLAYERS_NON_REMOVABLE ?= " \
  ${BSPDIR}/poky/meta \
  ${BSPDIR}/poky/meta-poky \
  "

8/ Edit local.conf to specify the machine, location of source archived, package type (rpm, deb or ipk)
Pick one MACHINE name from the "Supported SoCs / MACHINE names" chapter above
and edit the "local.conf" file. Here is an example:

vim conf/local.conf
[...]
MACHINE ??= "sama5d3-xplained"
[...]
DL_DIR ?= "your_download_directory_path"
[...]
PACKAGE_CLASSES ?= "package_ipk"
[...]
USER_CLASSES ?= "buildstats image-mklibs"

To get better performance, use the "poky-atmel" distribution by also adding that
line:
DISTRO = "poky-atmel"

9/ Build core minimal image
bitbake core-image-minimal

10/ We found that additional local.conf changes are needed for our QT demo
image. You can add these two lines at the end of the file:
vim conf/local.conf
[...]
LICENSE_FLAGS_WHITELIST += "commercial"
SYSVINIT_ENABLED_GETTYS = ""

11/ Build Atmel demo images
bitbake atmel-qt5-demo-image


Typical bitbake output
======================
Build Configuration:
BB_VERSION        = "1.32.0"
BUILD_SYS         = "x86_64-linux"
NATIVELSBSTRING   = "universal"
TARGET_SYS        = "arm-poky-linux-gnueabi"
MACHINE           = "sama5d2-xplained"
DISTRO            = "poky-atmel"
DISTRO_VERSION    = "2.2.2"
TUNE_FEATURES     = "arm armv7a vfp thumb neon       callconvention-hard       cortexa5"
TARGET_FPU        = "hard"
meta              
meta-poky         
meta-yocto-bsp    = "morty:7d5822bf4cb2089687c3c9a908cf4a4ef4e9a53a"
meta-atmel        = "morty:13c6c4f63a2c7a3c24f1d59152689193700c3d6b"
meta-oe           
meta-networking   
meta-python       
meta-ruby         
meta-multimedia   = "morty:fe5c83312de11e80b85680ef237f8acb04b4b26e"
meta-qt5          = "HEAD:5df9d273194e89498ea7fa93ac4ec987007253d2"


Contributing
============
To contribute to this layer you should submit the patches for review to:
the github pull-request facility directly or the forum. Anyway, don't forget to
Cc the maintainers.

AT91 Forum:
http://www.at91.com/discussions/

for some useful guidelines to be followed when submitting patches:
http://www.openembedded.org/wiki/How_to_submit_a_patch_to_OpenEmbedded

Maintainers:
Nicolas Ferre 
Patrice Vilchez 

When creating patches insert the [meta-atmel] tag in the subject, for example
use something like:
git format-patch -s --subject-prefix='meta-atmel][PATCH' 

Recent FAQ

Sama5d3xek

Iio Adc Driver: Adc IIO driver introduction. (Kernel, linux-3.10-at91, linux-3.18-at91, linux-4.1-at91, linux-4.4-at91, linux-4.9-at91)
Crypto Config: How to configure Crypto driver. (Kernel, linux-3.18-at91, linux-4.1-at91, linux-4.4-at91, linux-4.9-at91)
USBGadget Config: Configure AT91 USB Gadget on Linux and Endpoint order management (composite USB). (Kernel, linux-4.4-at91, linux-4.9-at91)
Pwm Faq: PWM Driver. (Kernel, linux-3.10-at91, linux-3.18-at91, linux-4.1-at91, linux-4.4-at91, linux-4.9-at91)
Using Atmel DRMDriver: Using Atmel KMS/DRM LCD driver. (Kernel, linux-3.18-at91, linux-4.1-at91, linux-4.4-at91, linux-4.9-at91)
Using Max Touch: Introduction for how to use MaxTouch. (Kernel, linux-3.18-at91, linux-4.1-at91, linux-4.4-at91, linux-4.9-at91)
SDCard Boot Notice: How to boot up the board from SD card. (AT91Bootstrap)
Driver Model In UBoot: How to enable U-Boot driver model, using Sama5d2Xplained as an example. (U-Boot)
Yocto Project FAQ: Some Yocto Project FAQ entries. (YoctoProject)
Gui Solutions: Presentation of some GUI solutions. (YoctoProject)
Using Isi: How to use the Image Sensor Interface. (Kernel, linux-3.18-at91, linux-4.1-at91, linux-4.4-at91, linux-4.9-at91)
Uboot Fit Image: How to use the FIT image. (U-Boot)
AT91 Bootstrap Debug Eclipse: Debug AT91Bootstrap. (AT91Bootstrap)
Pmecc Configure: About PMECC configuration. ()
r3 - 17 Sep 2015 - 15:09:48 - NicolasFerre
 
Linux & Open Source related information for AT91 Smart ARM Microcontrollers

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